Posted 10 Aug 2017 05:20 PM

National Deworming Day is an initiative organized by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) in schools and preschools (Anganwadi's) all over the country on 10 February 2016.
The primary purpose of National Deworming day is to keep children from the age of 1 to 19 years dewormed to make the health, nutritional status, quality and cognitive development intact.

Children are prone to worm infections more easily as compared to adults which can lead to plenty of health problems such as malnutrition, anemia, lack of physical development, mental imbalance. Children who get infected by worms get sick severely or are too tired to concentrate on their studies.
Tablet based deworming is the most recognizable and effective measure. Various deworming programs are conducted every year in schools and colleges.

According to WHO, India yields the highest soil transmitting helminths (STH) in the world with an estimated risk of 220 million children from ages 1-14 at a high risk of worm infections. 7 out of 10 children falling in the age bracket of 6 months and 5 years are suffering from anemia in rural regions as the National Family Health Survey.

The Govt aims at eliminating the Deworming disease in India and hence more than 34 crore children were covered under the ministry of Health’s National Deworming Programme. The program was launched in 2015, which made it the largest day for public health initiative in India. The Govt will be covering the private schools also along with the Govt institutions. The tablet Albendazole 400 mg will help cure the deworming safely and will control the prevailing condition as well. The Health Ministry mapped every state in India in order to know the exact worm load. National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) was conducting the nationwide STH mapping. Statistics of the worm load are as under:
• 85% in Tamil Nadu
• 12.5% in Madhya Pradesh
• >50% (high prevalence): 14 states (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, J&K, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, UP and Uttarakhand)
• 20% - 50 % (moderate prevalence): 19 states (A&N, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Puducherry, Punjab, West Bengal and Tripura)
• <20% (low prevalence): 2 states (Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan)
We should keep our surroundings clean, wear shoes, avoid defecation in open and rather make use of toilets, wash our hands properly before meals and after using toilets, wash vegetables and fruits with clean water, keep cooked food covered, drink clean and purified water and keep your nails short and clean to avoid infections from worms.

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